Hyperlinks are everywhere in Internet. We have them in Microsoft Access too. It can be used to open Objects (Tables, Forms, Reports or Queries) by clicking on a  hyperlink, without writing a single line of VBA Code or Macro. Hyperlinks can be created in Tables or Forms. You can create menus to open Forms, Reports etc. You can open external files, like Word, Worksheets, .PDF, text and others with the use of Hyperlinks in Microsoft Access.

Hyperlinks in Access can be created or edited manually by entering it's link segments in proper order, in table field or on Form controls. Normally, editing can be done through a dialog box, displayed when right-clicked on the hyperlink control.

Hyperlink address line is divided into four segments:

  1. Display Text : the text that appears in a field or control, indicating the hidden link's purpose
  2. Address : external file's pathname
  3. Sub-Address : to open Form, Report etc.
  4. Screentip : the text displays as a tooltip.

Hyperlink Syntax is as follows:

Display Text#Address#Sub-Address#Tooltip text

Hyperlink Data type field can store a maximum of 2048 characters.

You can find more details and usage of Hyperlinks in the earlier Post: Open Forms with Hyperlinks in Listbox.

Let us get into the manual editing of Hyperlink topic:

Let us create a sample table with a Hyperlink field to try out the manual editing exercise.

  1. create a Table with a single field and data type Hyperlink.
  2. Save the table with a name.
  3. Open the table in datasheet view.

    If you know how to enter Hyperlink data into the field manually, you may do so, by following the hyperlink syntax shown below.

    Example: My Excel File#C:\\\My Documents\Workbook1.xls##Click

  4. After entering the sample hyperlink in the field, open the table in datasheet view.

    You will see that the hyperlink field is active and the only text showing is the Display Text (My Excel File) part of the hyperlink information.

  5. Move the mouse-pointer over the field, it changes to a hyperlink pointer.

    If you click on the field to edit the hyperlink information, it will only open the document specified in the second segment.

    If you right-click on the field the shortcut menu, which carries the hyperlink editing options in a dialog box is displayed.  You may key-in values at appropriate controls to change the hyperlink values.  You cannot key-in values into the hyperlink field directly.

    But, we can manually edit the field with a simple trick.

  6. Close the Table for now.
    • Click on Office Button.
    • Select Access Options.
    • Select Advanced.
    • Find the Behavior Entering Field options.
    • Select Go to end of field radio button.
    • Click OK to close the Access Options control.
  7. Open the Table after completing the above steps.

Hyperlink Editing

You can see that the insertion point is positioned at the end of the field, exposing the hyperlink information. Move the insertion point on the location where you need editing the field.

If you have more than one record to edit then change them and reset Behavior Entering Field option to Select Entire Field.



If you would like to show the full Pathname of the File as display text then copy the second segment hyperlink value and paste it in the display text position also.

Hyperlink Editing

The Label control on Form can be used as a hyperlink control.  The label control have Hyperlink Address & Hyperlink Sub-Address properties, use Caption property to set the Display Text value of hyperlink. Set the Special Effect property value to Raised to make it look like a Command Button.